Portal UNESCO de Instituciones de Educación Superior-México
4. INFORMATION REGARDING THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
4.1 Education in México
Education in México is a developmental tool that permits, not only to increase human capital, but to also strengthen unity and social justice, enrich culture, and above all contributes to the consolidation of democracy and national identity based on cultural diversity.
In México, the general law of education establishes three levels of education: basic, medium high, and high.
Higher education and university
Higher education begins after High School (level medium high). It consists of three levels: TechnicalCollege or level 5 B (also known as associates degree), bachelor’s degree, and postgraduate.
The technical college student requires high school level studies (medium high), it forms technical professionals trained to do the job in a specific discipline, and the programs are for two years and can not achieve a bachelor’s degree.
The bachelor’s is imparted at university institutions, shaped by professors; it forms professionals in the different areas of knowledge with programs of study taking four years or more.
The postgraduate requires a bachelor’s degree and counts with three levels of its own, which are: 1) specialization; 2) Master’s; 3) Doctorate’s, in this stage, professionals are formed with a high degree of specialization and develop aptitudes for investigation research and docencia (teaching). All three levels are accredited with a degree.
Since it was created in 1950, the Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Educación Superior (ANUIES) has participated in the formationdevelopment of programs, plans and national politics, such as the creation of organizations aimed at the development of higher education in México. ANUIES is a non government organization that unites the country’s principal major higher education institutions, whose common denominator is to promote the improvement in the areas of educators, research, and the extension of culture and services.
This organization is formed composed by 149 universities and educational institutions, both public and private, which have 80% of students in courses for bachelor’s and postgraduate degrees.
The Federación de Instituciones Mexicanas Particulares de Educación Superior (FIMPES) is a group of private institutions, that have as an objective to keep good communication and cooperation between these and all the other educational institutions in the country, while taking into account each institution’s regulations, so that its members can better fulfill their responsibility to serve the nation.
Ministries and Agencies responsible for education
The Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP) is the government’s organization responsible for the education in México. Its main goal is to assure the conditions that allow all of the population to a quality education, in the level and manner that they require, and in the place where they demand it.
The Subsecretaría de Educación Superior (SES) is responsible for the direction and coordination of the higher education in México. It encourages its quality in such a way that it allows the formation of competitive professionals that are compromised committed to regional and national development, and contribute to the edification of a more just society.
Mechanisms that assure the quality
The Comités Interinstitucionales para la Evaluación de la Educación Superior (CIEES) are committees made up of distinguished scholars from higher education institutions, representing all the different fields of learning, as well as the different regions of the country, that are in charge of the evaluation (assessment) of programs and functions of the higher learning institutions of México. They are the only ones recognized by the SEP for the diagnostic evaluation, whose purpose is to elevate the quality of educational programs and of the IES in México.
The Consejo para la Acreditación de la Educación Superior, A.C. (COPAES). It was founded in 2000, and it is the only one validated by the SEP to bestow official recognition to the accredited agencies of the academic programs that are imparted at this level of education in México.